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The 5th human revolution?

The 5th human revolution?

IF there is a movie entitled 4th Industrial Revolution (4IR) it will no doubt be a box office success judging from the interest shown by Malaysians from all walks of life to it especially academics and professionals.

Most seem intrigued in the way it was promoted as the next "big" thing without which one would be left behind, if not made totally redundant. The last point seems most persuasive because the threat of being left behind, or made redundant, is daunting.

This, however, is not exactly new because every so-called industrial revolution posed the same dilemma since the 18th century. Yet the world continues to "function", and some would even claim that it is now better than what it used to be, thanks to the "disruptions".

The frenzy is somewhat reminiscent of the turn of the millennium scare attributed to the Y2K bug. It was perceived as another technology "threat" forewarned to create global upheavals if not properly handled. It arguably was part of the 3rd Industrial Revolution scare although no one touted it that way.

Still many were left feeling vulnerable not knowing exactly what to do. Fortunately, when the new millennium came, it was business as usual, an anti-climax of sorts. So here we are today staring at the 4IR not knowing what to do yet again. Many under the circumstances choose to embrace it. As they say: if you can't beat them, join them – despite the poor understanding of the risks and benefits involved. This is vital to know because the demise of the human race is one possibility to quote geniuses like Stephen Hawking who told BBC: "The development of full artificial intelligence could spell the end of the human race."

That said, many developing countries like Malaysia have no option but to play "catch up" framed on pre-set standards to be complied with so as to be accepted. Failing to do so, they will be cast away as "redundant". So we were lectured lately by an economics professor based summarily on R&D innovation outcomes. The context seemed to have escaped him when he concluded as being "less optimistic" (as though it is the end all and be all).

Fortunately, the relevant ministry rebutted, otherwise many more would "slavishly" agree and proceed with the one-size-fits-all (innovative?) suggested model – not unlike the colonial period.

So we really must make up our minds as a nation and people given our own ambitions and aspirations namely the Wawasan 2020, and more recently Transformasi Nasional 50. In articulating the former, the 4IR is hardly broached, although it can be fitted into some of the nine challenges especially Challenge 6 on science and technology. As for the latter it remains to be seen as to what is the call like depending on how the question is being framed. For example, next week's Khazanah Megatrends Forum billed it as "Cerebrum X Algorithm" where "X" is merely an acknowledgement of how the two interact depending as explained on "how we treat technology".
If the theme can be paraphrased to mean "Human X Machine" then one is tempted to interpret it as interactions between "Primal (natural) Intelligence" and "Artificial (synthetic) Intelligence", in the broadest sense, respectively. Rather than depending on how we treat technology, my bias is to ask how we treat "humans" instead?

After all primal intelligence competencies are inherent parts of being human, beyond just the cerebrum. Certainly, way beyond technology. It is known to deliver insights and foresights (like the 4IR) and inclusive of those who are "spiritually inspired". It therefore is capable of journeying into self-discovery leading to transcendental self-awakening where conventional (secular) thinking can never understand, let alone reach. It is cautious enough to avoid the "mistake" of overconcentrating on the "artificial" and totally ignore the "imperatives" of primal intelligence, particularly of human metaphysical experiences (spirituality and conscience) that technology has long made redundant.

There is no place for the naturally endowed primal intelligence to duly recognise the aspects of being human that machines are not privy to.

Logically speaking, it must naturally precede the 4IR in what we conjecture as the "5th Human Revolution" (5HR). Machines, for all their algorithm and synthetic (super) intelligence are at best a (mis)match to the primal instinct (called it "fitrah" or "karma") – upon which the "development" should be predicated and (re)oriented to. Thus to enable it to create its own "disruptions" towards a more humane future that is now sorely obscure (think of the mass migrations) globally.

This is of prime importance, as almost all human beings value compassion, ethics and morality to be appraised on the intrinsic state of the conscience, not merely on the extrinsic indicators of performance (the mechanistic KPIs) that have come to transform us to be machine-like. Meaning to say, the former must be deeply rooted (if not more so) before the 4IR can rightly claim to serve the needs of humans as it often alleges to do. To argue that machines can be made "conscious" through the use of "smart" technology ruled by the five extrinsic senses is to ignore what the "conscience" is all about.

Ultimately, it has to go pass the anatomical cerebrum, and its product – the algorithm, into a realm of the human "heart" – the seat of spirituality and conscience.

What is interesting therefore, 5HR if properly understood and nurtured will inspire yet another vista that is contextualised on humanitarian values, dignity as well as humanity, that "we" can truly lead, over-riding the mechanical-technological stereotypes of the 4IR.

Otherwise we are back to the dehumanising set pattern of one size fits all overlapping into the domain of machines known for their "efficiency" in taking over pattern-based functions which we are to refrain from in the first place. But foremost we must be courageously "human" enough to assert our humanity over a piece of technology that tends to dehumanise the human race as predicted. The Greek philosophers would put it as "first know thyself".

So stay tuned for the next "disruptions" of being human.

With some four decades of experience in education, the writer believes that "another world is possible".

Source: http://www.thesundaily.my/news/2017/09/27/5th-human-revolution

Imagining Library 4.0: Creating a Model for Future Libraries

The Journal of Academic Librarianship

Volume 41, Issue 6, November 2015, Pages 786-797

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to suggest a Library 4.0 model based on the concepts of Library 4.0 discussed in the literature as the future of library service. The concepts and model of Library 4.0 can be adapted to fit every different kind of library.

Design/Methodology/Approach

For this purpose, first, major reference databases (e.g. Google Scholar, EbscoHost, LISA, etc.) were examined for literature that discusses Web 4.0 and Library 4.0. Second, examples of information technology environments as well as studies and news articles related to information technology were comprehensively collected and analyzed by focusing on those which may influence libraries. Third, examples of cutting-edge information technology applied in libraries were examined and analyzed. Other examples were found of cutting-edge information technologies that have not yet been used in libraries but would be applicable to the next-generation library. Fourth, this study developed a model for next-generation library service provided by Library 4.0 and representative keywords explaining Library 4.0.

Findings

First, opinions of scholars tracking the rise of Web 4.0 vary widely, but Web 4.0 features commonly suggested by previous researchers are: reading, writing, and executing simultaneously, intelligence-based agents, connected web, ubiquitous web, intelligence connections, and intelligence-based web. Secondly, this study determined the features of Library 4.0 as: intelligence-based, massive data, augmented reality, context aware, cutting-edge displays, and infinite creative space. Third, in this context, the keywords that best explain Library 4.0 are: Intelligent, Makerspace, Context-Aware Technology, Open Source, Big Data, Cloud Service, Augmented Reality, State-of-the-art Display, and Librarian 4.0.

Originality/Value

Discussions about Web 4.0 have begun, but little has been written about Library 4.0. This study is significant for deriving keywords for Library 4.0 and presenting the development direction of Library 4.0. In the future, research on Library 4.0 can actively proceed from this starting point.

Keywords

Library 4.0
Web 4.0
Intelligent library
Massive data library
Augmented reality
Context-awareness
 
 

Industri 4.0

Pengasas dan pengerusi eksekutif World Economic Forum (WEF) Klaus Schwab, menerusi bukunya The Fourth Industrial Revolution menjelaskan Industri 4.0 mengubah cara kita bekerja dan hidup. Perubahan ini dipacu tiga domain teknologi utama iaitu fizikal, digital dan biologikal yang merentasi sembilan tonggak Industri 4.0, merangkumi simulasi dan realiti maya, integrasi sistem menegak dan melintang, industri Internet of Things (IoT), keselamatan siber, pengkomputeran awan, pembuatan bahan tambahan, rantaian bekalan, analisis data raya dan robot automasi.  

 

Untuk itu, Info Sharing @ PTAR memaparkan perkongsian maklumat mengenai Industri 4.0 untuk makluman tuan/puan. Teks penuh artikel boleh dirujuk pada lampiran yang disertakan:

 

1. Revolusi Industri ke-4: mampukah menginsankan teknologi?     

Sumber: http://www.majalahsains.com/revolusi-industri-ke-4-mampukah-menginsankan-teknologi/

 

2. Revolusi Perindustrian 4.0: bersediakan kita?   

Big Data

Assalamualaikum W.B.T / Salam 1 Malaysia / Salam 1 UiTM

YBhg. Prof Emeritus/ Dato'/ Datuk/ Datin Paduka / Prof/ Tuan/ Puan

 

INFO SHARING @ PTAR BIL 5 JUN 2017

 

Majlis Perasmian Big Data Lab @ UiTM dan Advanced Analytics Engineering Centre (AAEC) di Universiti Teknologi MARA telah disempurnakan oleh YB Dato' Seri Idris Jusoh, Menteri Pendidikan Tinggi pada 25 Mei 2017. Big Data Lab @ UiTM merupakan makmal kompetensi Big Data yang ke enam menerusi dua perjanjian yang dimeterai pada 2012 dan 2014 di antara Kementerian Pendidikan Tinggi dengan Prestariang Systems Sdn Bhd. Selain UiTM, lima lagi makmal kompetensi lain telah sedia dibangunkan di Universiti Utara Malaysia, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Universiti Malaysia Terengganu, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak dan Politeknik Ibrahim Sultan.

 

Makmal big data adalah merupakan inisiatif terkini KPT bagi melahirkan pakar analitik data dalam memenuhi pasaran pekerjaan di masa hadapan. Untuk itu, bermula keluaran nombor 5 Jun 2017, Info Sharing @ PTAR memaparkan perkongsian maklumat secara bersiri mengenai perkara ini.

 

Teks penuh artikel boleh dirujuk pada lampiran yang disertakan:

 

 

Team Info Sharing @ PTAR

Anda ada maklumbalas tentang Info Sharing @ PTAR? Jika YA sila ajukan kepada:

Bahagian Perkhidmatan Akademik

Jabatan Perkhidmatan Perpustakaan

Perpustakaan Tun Abdul Razak

No. Tel: 03-55438581 | 03-55438582

E-mel: asmah@salam.uitm.edu.my | norfazuna2335@salam.uitm.edu.my

Guidelines for Behavioral Performance of Reference and Information Service Providers

Assalamualaikum W.B.T / Salam 1 Malaysia / Salam 1 UiTM
 
YBhg. Prof Emeritus/ Dato'/ Datuk/ Datin Paduka / Prof/ Tuan/ Puan
 
INFO SHARING @ PTAR BIL 3 MEI 2017
 
Info Sharing @ PTAR memaparkan perkongsian panduan mengenai Guidelines for Behavioral Performance of Reference and Information Service Providers. Panduan ini boleh digunakan oleh pustakawan dalam memperkasakan peranan dan kompetensi pustakawan rujukan dalam mengendalikan soalan rujukan pelanggan perpustakaan. Selain itu, pustakawan juga dapat mempelajari teknik keberkesanan perkhidmatan rujukan dalam penyampaian perkhidmatan perpustakaan. Teks penuh artikel boleh dirujuk dengan melayari pautan berikut:
 
Sumber: Reference and User Services Association
 
 
Team Info Sharing @ PTAR
Anda ada maklumbalas tentang Info Sharing @ PTAR? Jika YA sila ajukan kepada:
Bahagian Perkhidmatan Akademik
Jabatan Perkhidmatan Perpustakaan
Perpustakaan Tun Abdul Razak
No. Tel: 03-55438581 | 03-55438582

The Language of Information Literacy: Do Students Understand?

Program literasi maklumat di perpustakaan akademik bertujuan membimbing warga universiti melaksanakan pencarian maklumat menggunakan kaedah yang berkesan bagi pengaksesan maklumat yang cepat, tepat dan sahih. Untuk itu, Info Sharing @ PTAR memaparkan perkongsian maklumat melalui artikel berjudul The Language of Information Literacy: Do Students Understand?Artikel ini memberi penerangan tentang penggunaan istilah-istilah perpustakaan dalam program literasi maklumat untuk kefahaman pelanggan perpustakaan. Teks penuh artikel boleh dimuat turun melalui e-mel atau dengan melayari pautan berikut:
 
Sumber: College and Research Libraries
 
 
Team Info Sharing @ PTAR
Anda ada maklumbalas tentang Info Sharing @ PTAR? Jika YA sila ajukan kepada:
Bahagian Perkhidmatan Akademik
Jabatan Perkhidmatan Perpustakaan
Perpustakaan Tun Abdul Razak
No. Tel: 03-55438581 | 03-55438582

Amanat Menteri Pendidikan Tinggi 2017

Assalamualaikum W.B.T / Salam 1 Malaysia / Salam 1 UiTM

 

YBhg. Prof Emeritus/ Dato'/ Datuk/ Datin Paduka / Prof/ Tuan/ Puan

 

INFO SHARING @ PTAR BIL 1,  2017

 

Info Sharing @ PTAR memaparkan perkongsian maklumat berkenaan Amanat Menteri Pendidikan Tinggi 2017 yang telah diadakan pada 12 Januari 2017 di Dewan Perdana, PICC. 

Sehubungan itu, slaid dan teks ucapan oleh YB Dato' Seri Idris Jusoh, Menteri Pendidikan Tinggi yang membawa tema Redesigning Higher Education boleh dirujuk dengan melayari pautan berikut: 

 

1. Slaid Amanat Tahun Baharu 2017 YB Menteri Pendidikan Tinggi 

2. Teks Ucapan Amamat Tahun Baharu 2017 YB Menteri Pendidikan Tinggi 

 

Sumber: Kementerian Pengajian Tinggi

http://www.mohe.gov.my/teks-ucapan/483-teks-ucapan-amanat-tahun-baharu-2017-yb-menteri-pendidikan-tinggi

 

Bersama-sama ini dikongsikan juga artikel berkaitan Redesigning Higher Education kepada warga UiTM. Teks penuh artikel boleh dirujuk dengan melayari pautan berikut: 

 

3.  Identifying the Dimensions for Culture of Excellence in Higher Education

 

Sumber: Science Direct

http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1877042816304906

 

Team Info Sharing @ PTAR

Anda ada maklumbalas tentang Info Sharing @ PTAR? Jika YA sila ajukan kepada:

 

Bahagian Perkhidmatan Akademik

Jabatan Perkhidmatan Perpustakaan

Perpustakaan Tun Abdul Razak

No. Tel: 03-55438581

 

E-mel: asmah@salam.uitm.edu.my | norfazuna2335@salam.uitm.edu.my

Self-directed learning program and the library: supporting instructors in development of multimedia instructional programs

Assalamualaikum W.B.T / Salam 1 Malaysia / Salam 1 UiTM

YBhg. Prof Emeritus/ Dato'/ Datuk/ Datin Paduka / Prof/ Tuan/ Puan

INFO SHARING @ PTAR BIL 2 FEBRUARI 2017

 

Memetik Amanat Menteri Pendidikan Tinggi 2017, perkembangan pesat teknologi maklumat telah mengubah corak pembelajaran mahasiswa kini ke arah belajar secara self-directed learning atau heutagogy.

Perkembangan ini menuntut perubahan minda di pihak para pendidik, pemantapan reka bentuk pengajaran dan pembelajaran pendidikan tinggi serta tidak ketinggalan penyelarasan perkhidmatan oleh pihak perpustakaan.

Untuk itu, Info Sharing @ PTAR memaparkan perkongsian maklumat melalui artikel berjudul Self-directed learning program and the library: supporting instructors in development of multimedia instructional programs. Teks penuh artikel boleh dirujuk dengan melayari pautan berikut:

 

Sumber: National Center for Biotechnology Information

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC225970/

 

Team Info Sharing @ PTAR

Anda ada maklumbalas tentang Info Sharing @ PTAR? Jika YA sila ajukan kepada:

 

Bahagian Perkhidmatan Akademik

Jabatan Perkhidmatan Perpustakaan

Perpustakaan Tun Abdul Razak

No. Tel: 03-55438581 | 03-55438582

E-mel: asmah@salam.uitm.edu.my | norfazuna2335@salam.uitm.edu.my

Using a blog and social media promotion as a collaborative community building marketing tool for library resources

Assalamualaikum dan Salam Sejahtera
YBhg. Datuk/Datin Paduka/Prof/Tuan/Puan

Penggunaan teknologi dalam kegiatan promosi perpustakaan semakin berkembang dan membawa impak positif kepada pengguna. Kemudahan media sosial seperti blog, facebook dan twitter digunakan sebagai salah satu kaedah untuk mempromosikan koleksi dan perkhidmatan perpustakaan. Info Sharing @ PTAR memaparkan perkongsian maklumat berkenaan Using a blog and social media promotion as a collaborative community building marketing tool for library resources. Perkongsian artikel ini menjelaskan topik yang boleh dikongsikan dalam penggunaan media sosial antaranya Books displays, Reference books, Themed months, New features, services or content, Electronic resources, News and current events, Campus events and conferences.

Sumber: Emerald Insight

 

Anda ada maklumbalas tentang Info Sharing @ PTAR? Jika YA sila ajukan kepada:

Puan Asmah Maarof; e-mel: asmah@salam.uitm.edu.my

Puan Jaz Norfazuna Jaafar; e-mel: norfazuna2335@salam.uitm.edu.my

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